Objectives and Content
The course aims to describe circulation and dynamics of the polar oceans, including the Norwegian- and Greenland Sea. The topics are discussed with respect to climatic variations and compared for the Arctic and Antarctic regions.
The course covers important processes related to thermodynamics of cold seawater, theories for mixing and dense water formation, boundary layers processes, sea ice formation, melting of ice-shelves, and heat budgets for the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans. These processes are related to general climate variability, and to ongoing global warming.
On completion of the course the student should have the following learning outcomes defined in terms of knowledge, skills and general competence:
- has an advanced knowledge of the role of the two polar regions in the global ocean
- understands well the most important features of ocean circulation in the two polar regions
- understands well the effects of stratification and freshwater budgets
- has an advanced knowledge of cooling, sea ice formation, melting of ice-shelves, and production of deep water
- is able to analyze and calculate air-ice-ocean fluxes and sea ice formation rates
- is able to explain and estimate vertical mixing, convection, and dense water formation
- is able to explain general circulation and vertical stratification in the polar oceans
- can run a vertical convection model and interpret and plot results
- can discuss the role of the polar oceans in global climate change
- can read and present papers from international scientific journals
- can present observations and simulations as a poster and present in a poster session
- can write a short scientific report using standard scientific standards with citations
Semester of Instruction
Enrolment to this course is based on application. Application deadline is Thursday in week 2 for the spring semester.
Please, see this page for more information: www.uib.no/en/matnat/53431/admission-courses-limited-capacity
Place of Instruction
Required Previous Knowledge
Recommended Previous Knowledge
Credit Reduction due to Course Overlap
Access to the Course
Teaching and learning methods
Lectures and exercises will vary through the semester.
Compulsory Assignments and Attendance
(Valid for four semesters: The semester mandatory activities have been approved and the three following semesters.)