General Pathology and Immunology

Postgraduate course

Course description

Objectives and Content

The subject includes the study of disease processes in general, how they manifest in the organs, the structure, function and reaction mechanisms of the immune system, how a reduced immune response results in reduced protection against infections and can lead to tumour development and autoimmune disease, how immunological overreaction causes hypersensitivity (allergy), and how diseases can be diagnosed using common pathological methods. The immunology part emphasises basic principles, using examples from diseases and clinical symptoms that are relevant to dentists.

Learning Outcomes


The candidate should be able to explain:

  • the basic biological/immunological mechanisms behind the development of disease
  • the importance of the immune system to the body's defence against infection and consequences of immune failure and immunological overreaction
  • diagnostic methods in pathology and immunology and be able to apply them to relevant organs and tissues in the body
  • the basic morphological features (macroscopic and microscopic) of relevant disease processes


The candidate is able to:

  • identify pathological changes in an organ
  • use a microscope in immunological examinations


The candidate shall:

  • develop respect for the human body
  • develop respect for patients' diseases
  • understand the importance of the duty of confidentiality regarding the patient's anamnesis
  • view the oral cavity as part of the body
  • develop curiosity about mechanisms behind the development of disease

ECTS Credits

7 ects

Level of Study


Semester of Instruction

Spring, fourth semester
Required Previous Knowledge
Passed third semester in Master of Dentistry
Credit Reduction due to Course Overlap
OD2PATI 7 ects
Access to the Course
Master of Dentistry
Teaching and learning methods
  • Regular lectures (Pathology and Immunology)
  • In pathology, courses in histopathological analysis of tissue sections will be performed mainly by using digital scanned sections (virtual microscopy) in addition to traditional microscopes.
  • Demonstrations from autopsy material (organs)
  • Laboratory course in Immunology
  • Teaching Methods and Extent of Organized Teaching

    Tuition includes lectures, demonstrations and a microscopy course as well as a laboratory course in immunology for which a record must be submitted for approval by the subject teacher.

    Learning materials will be made available on the student portal. Two-way communication between teacher and students will take place via the student portal.

    Compulsory Assignments and Attendance

    Pathology: Course in microscopy and autopsy demonstrations are mandatory

    Immunology: Laboratory course in immunology is mandatory. Lab journal should be approved before the exam

    Forms of Assessment
    The subject is concluded with a four-hour written exam in the fourth semester.
    Grading Scale
    Assessment Semester
    Spring, fourth semester
    Examination Support Material
    Programme Committee
    Programme committee of dental study programmes
    Course Coordinator
    Professor Daniela Elena Costea, Department of Clinical Medicine
    Course Administrator
    Department of clinical medicine