Astrid Blystad

Stilling

Professor

Tilhørighet

Forskergrupper

Forskning

Astrid Blystad, sykepleier og sosialantropolog, er professor ved Senter for internasjonal helse (SIH), Institutt for global helse og samfunnsmedisin (IGS), Universitetet i Bergen (UiB). Hennes primære forskningsinteresse ligger i dynamikken mellom globale helsepolitiske føringer og hvordan slike føringer / ‘policy’ kommer til uttrykk og erfares i lokale kontekster.

Arbeidet er basert på 35 års forskning i det østlige og sørlige Afrika. Metodisk er forskningen forankret i en etnografisk tradisjon, - de siste årene i kombinasjon med andre kvalitative metoder og mixed methods designs. Teoretisk fokus ligger i skjæringspunktet mellom sosiokulturell teori, kritisk teori, kjønnsteori og fenomenologi.

Blystad har ledet en rekke ekstern-finansierte tverrfaglige forskningsinitiativ.  De siste større prosjektene er : Reporting in context: An interdisciplinary initiative to strengthen maternal health services and surveillance in Ethiopia and Tanzania (2021-2026), et tverrfaglig initiativ (samfunnsfag, medisin, juss) som studerer problematiske sider ved generering av mødredødelighetstall, en sentral global indikator på ‘utvikling’. Prosjektet Competing discoursing impacting girls and women's rights: Fertility control and safe abort in Etiopia, Tanzania and Zambia (2016-19) undersøkte det komplekse forholdet mellom nasjonale abortlover og kvinners faktiske tilgang til trygge aborttjenester.

Blystad har publisert betydelig innen feltet global reproduktiv helse. Hun har veiledet 17 PhD- og over 70 masterstudenter. Hun leder forskningsgruppen Global Health Anthropology sammen med Professor Karen Marie Moland. 

Undervisning

Blystad teaches in the master program in Global Health at the Centre for International Health (CIH) and in the master program in Health and Society at the Department of Global Public Health and Primary Health Care (IGS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen.

The prime topics taught include social science perspectives on health, illness and suffering; qualitative research methodology and the philosophy of science. She co-coordinates the MA/PhD course ‘Introduction to anthropology in global health’ with Professor Karen Marie Moland, CIH.  

Supervision:Blystad has supervised a total of 17 PhD candidates (8 as main supervisor, 9 as co-supervisor). PhD projects completed: name, short title, year, main supervisor (MS), co-supervisor (CS):

Marte Bygstad Landro: Experiences of shame among depressed, Norway, 2016-22 (CS)

Gloria Abena Ampim: Male involvement in maternal health initiatives, Ghana, 2018-22 (CS)

Marte ES Haaland: Negotiating the abortion law, Zambia, 2017- 21 (MS)

Janne Gjerde: Living with pelvic floor disorders, Ethiopia, 2013-18 (MS)

Bodil B Våga: Nursing care in a cultural perspective, Tanzania, 2009-15 (MS)

Elizabeth Shayo: Participation in health-related decision making, Tanzania, 2009-15 (MS) 

Huda Sharfi: Obstetric fistula and the challenge of reintegration, Sudan, 2008-13 (CS)

Getaneh Mehari: The Gamo gome institution and women’s sexual rights, 2009-13 (CS)

Marit Østebø: The export of gender policies in Norwegian foreign aid, 2009-13 (MS)

Karine Jansen: Politicisation of the 2005-07 Chikungunya epidemic, Reunion, 2008-13 (CS)

Nils G Songstad: Human resources for health, Tanzania, 2007-12 (MS)

Marte Jurgensen: Voluntary testing and counselling for HIV in Zambia, 2007-12 (CS)

Tine Eri:  Experiences of labour onset and early labour, 2008-11 (MS)

Mercy Njeru: Challenges of equity and adherence in HIV interventions, Kenya, 2007-11 (CS)

Torhild S Terkelsen: Gendered touch: experiences from physiotherapy, 2003-08 (CS)

Sebalda Leshabari: Infant feeding among HIV positive mothers, Tanzania, 2004-07 (CS)

Christopher Oleke: Local dynamics of the orphan challenge in Uganda, 2001-05 (MS)

Current PhD candidates (6): Nega Jibat 2017-2022 (CS); Emily McClean 2021-2024 (CS), Ane Straume 2014-2022 (MS), Asabneh Molla 2022-2025 (CS), Kaja Skoftedalen 2022-2026 (CS), Tezera Berheto 2023-2026 (CS).  

Blystad has supervised more than 70 master projects and three (3) medical research track candidates. Present MA students: 4. Present research track students:1

Publikasjoner
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
Faglig foredrag
Doktorgradsavhandling
Leserinnlegg
Kronikk
Vitenskapelig foredrag
Poster
Sammendrag/abstract
Vitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review
Mastergradsoppgave
Leder
Lærebok
Vitenskapelig antologi/Konferanseserie
Intervju tidsskrift
Visuell kunst
Fagbok
Annet
Hovedfagsoppgave
Intervju
Programdeltagelse
Dokumentar
Populærvitenskapelig foredrag
Kompendium

Se en full oversikt over publikasjoner i Cristin

Publikasjoner i PubMed

Prosjekter

Blystad has been PI for a number of externally funded research projects:  

PI for the project: Reporting in context: An interdisciplinary initiative to strengthen maternal health services and surveillance in Ethiopia and Tanzania (MATRISET). Research Council of Norway, 2021-26.  Brief description: The objective of the project is to improve the quality of maternal mortality reporting and reviewing to strengthen the knowledge on which to base remedial action to reduce maternal deaths.

PI for the project:  Competing discourses impacting girls' and women's rights: Fertility control and safe abortion in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia (SAFEZT). Research Council of Norway, 2016-18. Brief description:  This comparative, inter disciplinary project investigated the articulation between national abortion laws and women and girl’s access to safe abortion services in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia.

Co-PI for the project: Gender in poverty reduction: Critical explorations of Norwegian aid policy on gender equality and women’s rights.  Research Council of Norway, 2012-16. PI: Professor H. Haukanes, UoB. Brief description: The project explored the concepts of ‘gender equality’ and ‘women’s rights’ in Ethiopia through a focus on the gender paradigms that have characterized Norwegian development aid since the mid-1990s. A collaborative venture between the University of Bergen, Chr. Michelsen Institute and Haraldsplass Deaconess University College, Norway and Addis Ababa University.

PI for the project: Gender, generation and social mobilisation: Challenges of reproductive health and rights among vulnerable groups in Sudan, Tanzania and Ethiopia’ (GESOMO NUFU). Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education (NUFU), 2007-12. Brief description: This interdisciplinary and multi-country competence-building project had a research focus on a series of particularly challenging reproductive health challenges; female genital mutilation, infertility, mother to child transmission of HIV, obstetric fistulae and women’s sexual rights in Sudan, Tanzania and Ethiopia.

PI for the project: Strengthening Human Resources for Health: A study of health worker availability and performance in Tanzania.  Research Council of Norway, 2006-12. Brief description: The project was a strategic initiative to address the what has been coined the problem of ‘shortage of health personnel and poor health worker performance’. It was a collaborative effort between Centre for International Health and Department of Economics, UoB, Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration and Bergen University College.

PI for the project: ‘Gender, Generation and Communication in Times of AIDS: The Potential of ’Modern’ and ’Traditional’ Institutions’ (GEACA). Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education (NUFU), 2002-07. Brief description: The dramatic HIV/AIDS situation in Tanzania.

Coordinator for work package V and all qualitative project components: Health Related Priority Setting in Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya’ (REACT). EU funding, 2005-10. PI: Dr. J. Byskov. Brief description: With deliberative public involvement as a starting point the project explored decision making- and priority setting processes with a particular focus on the District health systems in Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia.

Coordinator for work package III: ‘Searching for effective HIV-prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa: focusing on local contexts’. Norwegian Research Council, 2004-10. PI: Professor K. Fylkesnes. Brief description: A key research focus was on the dynamics between global WHO so-called PMTCT guidelines, calling for breast milk substitutes as first choice for mothers in contexts where a limited segment of the population can afford breast milk substitutes. 

Kompetanse

2000  PhD:  Doctor Politicarum in Social Anthropology, University of Bergen (UoB)  

1995-96: Visiting Research Fellow in Medical Anthropology, Dep. of Social Medicine, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA

1992 Master: Candidatus Politicarum in Social Anthropology and Health and Social Policy  (Subsidiary Fields: Comparative Religion and Nursing, UoB)

1981-84 Registered Nurse (RN): Aust-Agder Nursing College, Aren­dal, Norway