Thorkild Tylleskär


Professor, og barnelege, MD, PhD, MA Senter for Internasjonal Helse



  • H-index 40 Publons/Web of Science

  • ResearcherID S-5529-2017

  • ORCID ID 0000-0003-4801-4324

  • Thorkild Tylleskär (MD, PhD, MA) is a paediatrician and professor in International Health since 2001, trained at Uppsala University and Uppsala University Hospital in Sweden. His focus is on child health, birth care, neonatal care, HIV, nutrition, health informatics and clinical trials in a global perspective.

  • He has a French Master in African Linguistics from Sorbonne University after field work in present-day Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire).

  • His medical PhD thesis in 1994 under the supervision of late Prof Hans Rosling describes the toxico-nutritional causation of ‘konzo’, a paralytic disorder permanently crippling women and children in DR Congo and other pockets in Africa,

  • 11 of his former PhD-candidates have been promoted to professors at universities in Africa, USA and Norway. 

Key publications:

Supervision: He has supervised over 30 PhD candidates, the majority of them from Africa. The latest graduated PhD candidates are: 

Ongoing projects: 

Main collaborating countries: 

  • Uganda
  • Kenya
  • Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo Kinshasa)
  • Zambia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Burkina Faso
  • France
  • UK

 Main areas are: 

  • Global Health
  • Child Health
  • Birth Care
  • Neonatal care
  • HIV
  • Global Nutrition
  • Clinical trials
  • Information and Communication Technology in Health Sciences

Additional responsibilities: 


       INTH360 "Global Nutrition"

  • My main areas are: 

  • Global Health
  • Child Health
  • Global Nutrition
  • HIV
  • Clinical trials and experimental epidemiology

Publications in PubMed

Google Scholar Profile 

Original Lancet /NEJM publications:

Tylleskär T, et al. Cassava cyanogens and konzo, an upper motoneuron disease found in Africa. Lancet. 1992 Jan 25;339(8787):208-11. Erratum in: Lancet 1992 Feb 15;339(8790):440. PMID: 1346173

Tylleskär T, et al. PROMISE-EBF Study Group. Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2011 Jul 30;378(9789):420-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60738-1. PMID: 21752462

Nagot N, ... , Tylleskär T, Van de Perre P; ANRS 12174 Trial Group. Extended pre-exposure prophylaxis with lopinavir-ritonavir versus lamivudine to prevent HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding up to 50 weeks in infants in Africa (ANRS 12174): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Nov 18. pii: S0140-6736(15)00984-8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00984-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 2660391

Pejovic NJ, Myrnerts Höök S, ... Tylleskär T. A Randomized Trial of Laryngeal Mask Airway in Neonatal Resuscitation. N Engl J Med. 2020 Nov 26;383(22):2138-2147. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2005333.PMID: 33252870


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  • MA, African Linguistics, Sorbonne, Paris, France, 1987               
  • MD: University Medical Degree, Uppsala University, 1988
  • PhD: Doctor of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, 1994 
  • Specialist in Paediatrics, 2001